Genital warts in men and women are contagious, sexually transmitted disease, that is caused by the HPV virus, and they are manifested by changes in the skin – there are bumps on the penis and vagina, and their size is of one to three millimeters. They appear almost the same percentage, in both sexes, but they are much more often in women, and they can be seen by the naked eye. The infection is most often transmitted through sexual intercourse, but also through direct contact with infected mucous membranes and skin (the chance that a person gets ill after the first contact with a person who has the disease range from 26 to 30 percent). The incubation period lasts from three weeks to six months.
Today we know that genital warts in men and women are definitely one of the most common of all sexually transmitted diseases. The latest statistics indicate an amazing fact, which is that almost 50 million people across the globe carries HPV virus in their body. They occur in the genital area and the anus, and they are a very great discomfort for the patient. In most cases, the first signs occur three months after the contact with a person who has the disease. Visible changes are usually small warts of different shape and color (whitish, pink, brown and brown), in women, that are accompanied by itching, excessive vaginal discharge, pain during intercourse and vaginal bleeding.
However, if the symptoms are absent, the changes are usually detected later, at regular gynecological examination.
First signs of genital warts
The first signs of genital warts in men mostly appear as growths in form of warts, rashes or appear as pink and red dots on the penis, around the root of the sexual organ, on its skin as well as the area around the anus. In addition, difficulties in passing urine can occur. In both sexes, the first sign of the disease gives a rather colorful and varied clinical picture, which largely depends on the species and type of virus, the presence of other diseases in the body, immunity in the patient, sexual behavior and lifestyle.
The most commonly occurring are sharp and pointy warts in men and women – these are soft, warty growths on the skin and mucous membranes of the genitals, of uneven surface, bright-red or skin color, which grow on the stem and are tapered at the top, and can have a cauliflower appearance. Painless ones are stiffer than the surrounding skin or mucous membrane, they are singles, and they spread rapidly and multiply, so that in a neglected stage of building a broad panel of compressed warts they can totally block the entrance to the vagina. There is the type of flat warts in women that appear as whitish changes in the level of the epithelium of the skin and mucous membranes in the parts of the vagina and cervix. Since the cause of these genital warts is human papilloma virus, which can be found in premalignant and malignant forms, it is important to identify them on time and remove them. There are also giant warts, but they very rarely occur in clinical practice.